El-Askary, Hesham; Li, Wenzhao
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction
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- Droughts are defined as natural phenomena caused by a deficiency in water resources (e.g. precipitation, groundwater etc.), which represents a certain anomalous situation with respect to the long-term average over a certain period of time and specific area.
- The Mediterranean basin is characterized by water scarcity, recurrent droughts and impending desertification, which threaten not only the economic viability of the region, but also its geopolitical stability.
- Mediterranean basin is also one of the regions that are most vulnerable to climate changes, as well as one of the most impacted because of high human water demand . The key environmental challenges for the region are water management, waste and pollution management, loss of biodiversity, preservation of coastal areas, and desertification.
- Cascading impacts of droughts include dust storms, water-borne infectious diseases, hydrologic alterations, degraded water quality and so on.
- In the context, the situation requires the actions taken by organizations, institutions, and civil stakeholders involved in drought preparedness and mitigation and/or on water management for designing effective risk-based strategies that mitigate the effects of drought in agriculture, water supply systems, and the environment.
This case study is a contribution to the GAR Special Report on Drought 2021.
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